By Gil Loescher;Ann Dull Loescher
Right here, in a single quantity, are available a radical evaluation of the refugee crisis?€”from the early 1900s to the current day. The occasions that created refugee populations and the efforts of foreign organisations and governments to accommodate the problem, in addition to the monetary and criminal constraints these firms face, are all lined in detail.Biographical sketches of refugee activists and amazing refugees also are incorporated. A listing of foreign enterprises and resettlement businesses and annotated lists of print and nonprint assets support readers in extra research efforts. the worldwide Refugee drawback offers reliable, important info which could function a origin for decision-making, learn, or just more desirable realizing of this serious topic.
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Extra info for The Global Refugee Crisis: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
Millions of refugees were generated by World War I and the breakup Page 8 of multinational empires in the early part of the century. World War II uprooted approximately 30 million civilians in Europe alone. The Cold War of the 1950s was marked by refugees fleeing the newly established communist regimes in Eastern Europe. The 1960s and 1970s witnessed new Third World refugee movements uprooted in the wake of anticolonial struggles and conflicts within newly independent states and by the economic migration of about 10 million guestworkers to Europe.
Institutional constraints inhibit closer cooperation between the two agencies. The UNHCR is not a development agency, and although it can be a catalyst in initiating development-oriented assistance, the UNDP is more suited to the task. Unfortunately, in most countries humanitarian or emergency relief aid is administratively and programmatically divorced from developmental concerns. Thus a ''development gap" exists between short-term humanitarian relief assistance and long-term development. UNHCR-UNDP joint projects have attempted to fill this gap in Central America, the Horn of Africa, and Indochina, where there are large returnee and displaced populations, but because these projects have been small in size and of a limited nature they have only partially filled the gap between immediate assistance and longer-term development.
In recent years, few refugee crises have been fully resolved. Consequently, resources from one crisis often have not been made available for use in the next. Assisting and Protecting Internally Displaced Persons A critical weakness of the international humanitarian system is that at present there is no special international organization to protect and assist the world's 25 million internally displaced persons. While there is a clear mandate for the protection and the provision of humanitarian assistance to refugees, there is a lack of clarity within existing international instruments regarding the allocation of responsibilities and mechanisms for addressing the immediate needs of the internally displaced.