By Andrea Tyler
Utilizing a cognitive linguistics standpoint, this paintings offers the main entire, theoretical research of the semantics of English prepositions to be had. All English prepositions are initially coded as spatial relatives among actual entities. whereas conserving their unique which means, prepositions have additionally built a wealthy set of non-spatial meanings. Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans argue that each one the meanings are systematically similar via a suite of cognitive rules, emphasizing the significance of human adventure with the area because the origin for lexical that means.
Read Online or Download The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning, and Cognition PDF
Best semantics books
Utilizing a cognitive linguistics point of view, this paintings offers the main complete, theoretical research of the semantics of English prepositions to be had. All English prepositions are initially coded as spatial kin among actual entities. whereas keeping their unique that means, prepositions have additionally built a wealthy set of non-spatial meanings.
Within the Dynamics of which means, Gennaro Chierchia tackles vital concerns in dynamic semantics and extends the final framework. bankruptcy 1 introduces the thought of dynamic semantics and discusses intimately the phenomena which were used to inspire it, corresponding to "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification.
This article bargains a philosophical exam of the fundamental conceptual framework of pragmatic thought, and contrasts this framework with precise descriptions of our daily practices of language use. whereas the consequences could be hugely proper to pragmatics, the research isn't really a contribution to pragmatic conception.
A upsetting new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by way of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid concept indicates the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and chance of accomplishing a broader and extra lifelike idea of our figuring out.
- Semantics - Advances in Theories, Mathematical Mdls.
- Economy and Semantic Interpretation (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)
- Words and Phrases: Corpus Studies of Lexical Semantics (Language in Society)
- On translation
- Lexical Competence (Language, Speech, and Communication)
- The language of fashion
Additional info for The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning, and Cognition
Under such an analysis, the relations within the lexicon are much more motivated and far less arbitrary than has traditionally been assumed (see Dirven, 1993; Lakoff, 1987). Cognitive semanticists have argued that polysemous lexemes, such as English spatial particles, form semantic polysemy networks. Such analyses have traditionally attempted to model the lexicon in terms of a radiating lattice structure, reﬂecting the working assumption adopted by cognitive semanticists which views the lexicon as a ‘mental coordinate system’ (Rice, 1993: 206).
During a process of separation or deconﬂation, the child begins to distinguish two aspects of the developmentally earlier single concept. These two aspects emerge as two distinct, albeit related, concepts. The notion of conﬂation provides a tentative hypothesis for understanding how the phenomenon of experiential correlation produces meaning from experience. Similarly, a good deal of developmental psychological research with infants supports the conclusion that infants not only actively attend to sensory input from their physical environment, but also actively compare various sensory experiences to one another.
This point has been elaborated in detail by Ray Jackendoff (1983, 1990, 1992). Jackendoff has pointed out that one of the most important insights to emerge from the work on perception is that our perceptions of the world are determined largely by conceptual organization being imposed on senseperceptory input. That is, what we directly experience is not an objectively real world. 4 by human conceptual organization to which we necessarily and unconsciously subject sense-perceptory input (cf. 8 In essence, the patterns and organization we perceive as reality do not in fact exist independently in the world itself, but are largely the result of our cognitive processing.